Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is similar to EEG in cost and portability, and provides a complementary set of information about the functional status of the brain. We will describe the concurrent use of these modalities, EEG+fNIRS, in healthy adult volunteers and its potential applications in disease monitoring. First the development of the FDA approved medical device microEEG and its testing in emergency departments will be described. Then the recent results from Dr. Omurtag's team will be shown about the detection of neural activity driven hemodynamics using EEG+fNIRS. Machine learning techniques show that hybrid functional neuroimaging data during task performance is more accurate than from individual modalities alone.